Home|Journals|Articles by Year

Directory for Medical Articles

Original Article

AJVS. 2018; 59(2): 157-164

Histological Characterizations of the Gut Associated Lymphatic Tissue in Pigeon

Hazem Hamoda and Amany Farag.


The avian gut associated lymphatic tissue (GALT) is very important for understanding the immune response of the digestive system after oral administration of vaccines. This study is carried out on 6 apparently healthy mature pigeons. Two pigeons were used for gross morphology and the others for histological examination using H&E stain. There are different thickening at the digestive tube, like pharyngeao-esophageal junction, esophageo-proventricular junction and the two rudimentary ceca. The lymphatic tissue is organized in the propria sub mucosa as diffuse lymphatic tissue and lymphatic follicle (nodule). The epithelium in the intestine shows lymphocytic infiltration to form lympho-epithelium. The lymphatic nodules are located not only in the propria-submucosa, but also in the tunica muscularis and tunica serosa of the intestine.

Key words: pigeon, gut, lymphatic tissue

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

Review(er)s Central
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.