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Review Article

Thyroid Hormone Deficiency and Coronary Artery Disease

Saira - Shan, Shumaila - Aslam, Nazish - Saleem, Nayab Batool Rizvi, SHAN ELAHI.

The heart is sensitive to thyroid hormone action and thyroid dysfunctions. Thyroid hormone deficiency (hypothyroidism) either overt or subclinical has adverse cardiovascular consequences. They results from direct influences of hypothyroidism on the heart function as well as due to secondary effects like atherogenic lipid profile, diastolic hypertension and impaired endothelial function leading to atherosclerosis. This review summarizes the basic and clinical studies on the role of hypothyroidism in development of atherosclerosis and traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease.

Key words: Thyroid, hypothyroidism, cardiovascular Diseases, autoimmune thyroiditis, Dyslipidemia, Hypertension

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