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Research Article

JCDR. 2015; 6(4): 210-215


A STUDY ON THE PREVALENCE OF OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS OF SOUTH INDIANS

Suryanarayana Behera, Mohammad Abdul Majid Khan.


Abstract

Malnutrition includes both over nutrition and under nutrition. Country like India harbors burden of both types. College students are highly vulnerable to malnutrition as they seem to be nonchalant about their dietary habits, physical activity and general health due to academic burden and lack of time. With increasing importance given to physical appearance one group of students are into diet, consumption of dietary pills and bulimia. On the other hand, another set of students are addicted to junk food and sedentary life and end up in over nutrition. To estimate the prevalence of malnutrition among medical students b) To assess the factors associated with malnutrition among medical students. A cross sectional study was done among undergraduate medical students. A semi-structured questionnaire was self-administered among 100 students and also anthropometric examination was conducted and BMI was calculated with the quetletÂ’s equation (weight in kg divided by height in m2) The dietary habits and intensity and frequency of physical activity were questioned. The data was entered in an Excel sheet and the results were tabulated. According to the WHO BMI scale, 7 students were underweighted, 58 were healthy, 28 were overweight and 7 were obese. Obese and Overweight students were found to be more lethargic and had worse dietary habits than the healthy students. Obesity and overweight are quite common among medical students. Awareness about the ill effects of malnutrition has to be provided and medical students should be encouraged to take care of their health so that they can adapt to a healthy lifestyle and also practice the education of health promotion among their patients in future.

Key words: Nutrition, BMI, Obese, Food habits, Weight






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