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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2013; 4(4): 618-620

Child Sex Ratio and It’s Socio-Demographic Correlates: A Cross Sectional Study in an Urban Area of Eastern Maharashtra

Mamta K Shewte, Smita P Andurkar.


"Background: Sex ratio is an important social indicator to measure the extent of prevailing equity between males and females in a society.
Objective: The Objective of the study was to find Child Sex Ratio (CSR) in the urban area of Aurangabad, Maharashtra and socio?demographic factors affecting it.
Methods: The present study is community based cross sectional study which involved house to house interview of mothers of 0-6 year children from urban area of Aurangabad. Information regarding all children born in last 6 years, their date of birth, birth order and demographic informa-tion of family was noted.
Results: Overall child sex ratio of study area was 853. The highest child sex ratio was obtained for (CSR 1255) Muslim religion, (CSR 2667) when father studies up-to primary school, (CSR1778) when mother was illiterate and (CSR 1000) for class V and III socio-economic status. Least CSR 605 was obtained when the families have all females in previous birth order.
Conclusion: This part of country or Maharashtra has lower CSR than national average. There are demographic factors like socio-economic status, education status of parents, religion and previous birth order, which influence CSR. There is less girl child insubsequent birth order, especially when the previous born child is female."

Key words: Child sex ratio, urban, birth order

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