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Original Research

RMJ. 2017; 42(4): 507-510


Risk factors for perinatal mortality observed in a public sector hospital of Islamabad, Pakistan

Rehmana Waris, Samina Akhtar, Ramish Riaz.


Abstract

Objective: To determine the association of ante partum, intra partum and post partum risk factors with perinatal mortality in a public hospital.
Methodology: This case-control study was conducted at children hospital, PIMS. All still births and live births that expired within seven days of life were categorized as cases. 100 cases were taken, similar number of gestational age and birth weight matched babies who survived till the 7th day of life were taken as controls. Data regarding maternal profile, ante partum, intra partum and postpartum risk factors was analyzed by SPSS v 10.
Results: Maternal residence, booking status, maternal nutritional status, anemia, pregnancy induced hypertension, maternal diabetes, placental abruption and respiratory distress syndrome were identified as significantly contributing factors to perinatal mortality.
Conclusions: Majority of the risk factors associated with perinatal mortality were ante partum risk factors related to antenatal care. Proper antenatal care would help to reduce the risk of perinatal death by linking the woman to health care system.

Key words: Perinatal mortality, still births, early neonatal mortality, ante partum, intra partum, post partum.






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