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Original Research

RMJ. 2017; 42(4): 522-527


Effects of dynamic posturographic balance training versus conventional balance training on mobility and balance in elderly

Furqan Ahmed Siddiqi, Tahir Masood.


Abstract

Objective: To determine the effects of dynamic posturographic balance training versus conventional balance training in improving mobility and balance in elderly.
Methodology: Forty subjects between 50 to 80 years of age were selected via non-probability convenience sampling technique, for this randomized controlled trial. Both females and males with no major co-morbid conditions and cognitive impairments were recruited and randomized via coin toss method into two equal groups: Dynamic Posturographic balance training (DPG) group and Conventional balance training (CBT) group. The DPG training was provided via Biodex Balance System (Static & Dynamic). Both groups received interventions 3 times (35 to 45min each day) a week for 8 weeks, after which terminal assessment was done. Data were collected on demographic profile, balance via berg balance score and mobility by using Timed Up and Go Test. Independent samples t test was used to check difference between CBT group and DPG Group and repeated measures Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used for within-group analysis.
Results: Baseline analysis of Berg balance scale and timed up and go test between two groups showed no significant difference with (p 0.805 & 0.251, respectively). After 8 weeks of intervention, there was significant difference between the groups in both variables (p 0.019 & 0.001, respectively).
Conclusion: Dynamic posturographic balance training was more effective in improving dynamic balance and mobility in elderly population in comparison to conventional balance training.

Key words: Berg balance score, conventional balance training, dynamic posturography.






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