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Original Research

Impact of chronic air pollution exposure on pulmonary function in healthy nonsmoker young men from two different areas of Kanpur City

Atosh Kumar, Shashi Kant Verma, Vijay Bhargava.


Background: Air pollution is one of the major problem faced in developing countries like India. Chronic exposure to air pollutants can leads to hampered day today activity and increased visit to clinics. The pollutant PM10 (particulate matter size less than 10 μ) especially a risk factor associated with decreased lung functions. The effect of chronic exposure of different concentration of air pollution level on pulmonary function test is still lacking in India especially in Kanpur, a highly polluted city of U.P., India.

Aims & Objective: The present study was conducted to evaluate the impact of chronic exposure of air pollution on lung functions in two differently polluted areas.

Materials and methods: One hundred twenty male subjects, in age group of 18 to 30 years from two polluted area of Kanpur, India were participated in the study. Anthropometric data were taken. Pulmonary function test was conducted in standing position. Pollution data of study period was taken from Central pollution control board and compared with the National ambient air quality standard. All data presented as mean ± SD and analysed by independent sample t test by using SPSS version 15.

Results: The anthropometric data were statistically not significant in two areas. Forced vital capacity and Forced expiatory flow 25-75
% were statistically significantly different (p

Key words: Air Pollution; Pulmonary Function Test; Airborne Particulate Matter

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