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Ann Med Res. 1994; 1(2): 141-148

The investigation of lung fonctions in the workers of Malatya Tekel tobacco factory


Doç.Dr.Coşkun TECİMER*,  Doç.Dr.Sadık ARDIÇ**,  Yrd.Doç.Dr.Erkan PEHLİVAN***,  Yrd.Doç Dr.Saim YOLOGLU****,  Dr.Ramazan ÖZDEMİR*,  Dr.Murat ALADAĞ*,  Bıo. Mukaddes ÜSTÜN*****




Acute and chronic decline of lung functions was investigated in 1257 workers of Malatya Tekel tobacco factory by spirometric method with regard to sex, duration of working and smoking status. Of the cases 561 (44.6%) were males. 696 (55.4%) females. Of males. 3"6 (67.0%) were smokers, 108 (19.3%) were non- smokers and (13.~%) ex-smokers. Of females, 2~8 (39.9%) were smokers, 38/(54. ~%) were non-smokers and 3~ (5.4%) ex-smokers. Acute lung function decline was observed in 210 (55.8%) male non-smokers, 210 (~5.6%>) female smokers and 54 (50.0%>) male non-smokers, 260 (68.2%) female non-smokers and 39 (50.6%) male ex-smokers. 23 (62.2%) female ex-smokers and these rations were statistically significant (p 0.01). Chronic lung function decline was seen in 181 (48.1%i) male smokers, 159 (5~.2%) female smokers and 41 (38.0%>) male non-smokers. 191 (50 !%) Jamele non-smokers and 44 (57.2%) male ex-smokers, 22 (59.4%) famele ex-smokers. These ratios were also statistically significant (p 0.01). There was no statistically difference between sexes for both acute ant chronic lung function declines (p '0.05). The deterioration of lung functions in femeles was more than males except ex-smokers (p- 0.05). Cigarette smoking insreased the deterioration of lung functions. It was concluded that the conditions of working should be improved and cigarette smoking be ceased. [Journal of Turgut Özal Medical Center 1(2): 141- 148.1994/

Key Words : Tobacco dust, smoking, lung functions.

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