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Original Research

Ann Med Res. 2006; 13(4): 227-230

Is Kugel Herniorraphy Really Minimally Invasive?: A Prospective, Randomized Study+


Cüneyt Kırkıl*, Erhan Aygen*, Nurullah Bülbüller*, Osman Doğru*, Ahmet Ödekmerdan**, Mustafa Girgin*, Mehmet Saraç*




Background: Kugel herniorraphy had been advocated as a minimally invasive technique. The purpose of this study was to compare inflammatory responses and clinical outcomes after Kugel and Lichtenstein procedures.

Patients and methods: Thirty patients with unilateral inguinal hernia were randomized into Kugel and Lichtenstein repair groups. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected, to measure the levels of interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein, just prior to surgery and then 12 and 48 hours postoperatively. Postoperative acute and chronic pains were evaluated. Time to return normal activities and work was recorded.

Results: Interleukin-6 levels significantly increased after Lichtenstein procedure. C-reactive protein levels were significantly increased in both groups. Patients had less postoperative pain and they recovered earlier after the Kugel procedure.

Conclusions:In conclusion our data show that Kugel herniorraphy causes less inflammatory response, less postoperative acute pain and rapid recovery compared with Lichtenstein technique.

Key Words: Kugel herniorraphy, Lichtenstein procedure, Inflammatory response, Minimally invasive

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