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Original Research

Ann Med Res. 2011; 18(3): 145-148

The Prevalence and Distribution of Refractive Errors in Elementary School Children in Area of Malatya


Tongabay Cumurcu*, Cem Düz*, Abuzer Gündüz*, Selim Doğanay*




Purpose: To evaluate refractive errors and ocular problems in primary schools in Malatya and around towns.

Material and Methods: The study include 661primary school children between 7-15 years from 37 primary schools of Malatya and its interland. Vision of students were evaluated with Snellen chart after evaluation of eye movements. Cycloplegic refraction was measured by otorefractometer. In addition anterior and posterior segment examination were performed for all students.

Results: In the study 327 students were girl, and the 334 were boys. Threehundered and thirtyone students (%50.07) had refractive problems. Thirtyseven (5.59%) of theese were myopia, 19 (2.87%) were hypermetropia, 108 (16.33%) were myopic-astigmatism, 105 (15.8%) were hypermetropic-astigmatism and 62 (9.37%) were mixtastigmatism. Addition to the refraction problems, 8 (1.21%) amblyopia, 20 (3.02%) strabismus, 4 (0.6%) pitosis, 3 (0.45%) keratokonus, 2 (0.3%) congenital cataract and 1 (0.15%) ocular trauma were diagnosed in the students.

Conclussion: The study is important because of being the first study which evaluates the refractive problems in Malatya and its interland.

Key Words: Refractive Errors; Primary School; Malatya.

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