Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Review Article

Muscle Atrophy in Intensive Care Unit Patients

Konstantinos Koukourikos, Areti Tsaloglidou, Labrini Kourkouta.

Cited by (1)

Introduction: The muscle atrophy is one of the most important and frequent problems observed in patients in Intensive Care Units. The term describes the disorder in the structure and in the function of the muscle while incidence rates range from 25-90 % in patients with prolonged hospitalization. Purpose: This is a review containing all data related to the issue of muscle atrophy and is especially referred to its causes and risk factors. The importance of early diagnosis and early mobilization are also highlighted in the study. Material and methods: a literature review was performed on valid databases such as Scopus, PubMed, Cinhal for the period 2000-2013 in English language. The following keywords were used: loss of muscle mass, ICU patients, immobilization, bed rest. Results: From the review is concluded that bed rest and immobilization in order to reduce total energy costs, are the main causes for the appearance of the problem. The results of the reduction of the muscle mass mainly affect the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and respiratory system. The administration of the cortisone, the immobility, the sepsis and hyperglycemia are included in the risk factors. The prevention is the primary therapeutic agent and this is achieved due to the early mobilization of the patients, the use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and the avoidance of exposure to risk factors. Conclusions: The prevention of muscle atrophy is a primary goal of treatment for the patients in the ICU, because it reduces the incidence of the disease, reduces the time spent in ICU and finally improves the quality of patients’ life.

Key words: ICU patients, loss of muscle mass, immobilization, bed rest

Similar Articles

A study of vegetable oil modified QCM sensor to detect β-pinene in Indian cardamom.
Debabhuti N, Mukherjee S, Neogi S, Sharma P, Sk UH, Maiti S, Sarkar MP, Tudu B, Bhattacharyya N, Bandyopadhyay R
Talanta. 2022; 236(): 122837

Gas phase ion-molecule reactions of nitroaromatic explosive compounds studied by hollow cathode discharge ionization-mass spectrometry.
Hong H, Habib A, Bi L, Wen L
Talanta. 2022; 236(): 122834

Chemometric analysis of the global pattern of volatile organic compounds in the exhaled breath of patients with COVID-19, post-COVID and healthy subjects. Proof of concept for post-COVID assessment.
Zamora-Mendoza BN, Díaz de León-Martínez L, Rodríguez-Aguilar M, Mizaikoff B, Flores-Ramírez R
Talanta. 2022; 236(): 122832

Alternating in-source fragmentation with single-stage high-resolution mass spectrometry with high annotation confidence in non-targeted metabolomics.
Wasito H, Causon T, Hann S
Talanta. 2022; 236(): 122828

Three-dimensional models of neuromuscular tissue.
Raffa P, Easler M, Urciuolo A
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(4): 759-766

Full-text options

Latest Statistics about COVID-19
• pubstat.org

Add your Article(s) to Indexes
• citeindex.org

Covid-19 Trends and Statistics
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.

ScopeMed Web Sites