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Research Article

EEO. 2023; 22(3): 22-27

Indian Education System In The 21st Century: Challenges And Opportunities

Ms. Harwinder Kaur.


The present research paper’s main aim is improvement in the educational system of India. Education is not seeking a degree, but to find out the truth and untrue problems in society. Education is a National Strength. A developed nation is inevitably an educated nation. Indian higher education system is the third largest in the world, next to the United States and China. Since Independence, India as a developing nation is contentiously progressing in the education field. India aspires to build a knowledge-based society that critically values research and scholarship through publications as a central component of university development. The Indian education system is one of the oldest education systems in the world. Many schools and colleges organize various competitions like speech and essay competitions. Currently, India’s out-of-school children are very high, with low educational expenditure, high education unemployment rate, low education enrolment, low-quality teachers and educational institutes, etc. the future scenarios of the political, social, cultural, and economic sectors will depend on the contributions of the effective education policy and scientific and technological innovations and changes, unprecedented socio-economic challenges and opportunities, surprising socio-political reforms and amazing cultural reawakening. This article tries to introduce the issues and challenges of the 21st century in India. Things are changing in our Education System very quickly. The world is becoming interconnected; technology is continuously altering our relationship with information. Changing global conditions demand that we rethink what, but even more important, how we learn and lead.

Key words: Indian Education System, Issues, Challenges, and Opportunities

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