In Bengal, there were several types of sum khalasi (non-complete usufructuary mortgages), in which the cultivator gave over the land in exchange for a cash payment or a grain advance. When the loan was repaid with interest, the land was returned, with the mortgagee receiving the proceeds from the land's cultivation. Similar to a regular mortgage, a khas khalasi (full usufructuary mortgage) required repayment of the debt through the sale of the land's crops. All types of possessory mortgages were forbidden by the Bengal Tenancy (Amendment) Act of 1929, however khas khalasi remained widely used. In this article, review on Tebhaga movement with special reference to Bengal has been discussed.
Key words: Tebhaga, Movement, Bengal.