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Original Article

pnr. 2014; 5(1): 8-12

Unsatisfied processing conditions in making ifosfamide nanostructured lipid carriers: Effects of various formulation parameters on particle size, entrapment efficiency, and drug loading capacity

Ramaiyan Velmurugan, Subramanian Selvamuthukumar.


Introduction: The objectives of the present investigation were to develop an optimized formulation of ifosfamide (IF) nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) to sustain the release, to overcome the instability of the drug in an acidic environment during oral administration, drug leakage during storage, drug expulsion, and low drug loading (DL). Materials and Methods: The IF NLC was prepared by solvent diffusion technique. Response surface methodology was applied to optimize the formulation. Drug/lipid ratio, organic/aqueous phase ratio, and concentration of surfactant were considered as the formulation variables that mainly affects the particle size (PS), entrapment efficiency (EE) and DL of the NLC. A total of 20 sets of formulations were performed with different ratios of drug/lipid, organic/aqueous phase volume and various concentration of the surfactant. The formulation was evaluated for PS, EE, and DL, differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform infrared and in vitro dissolution. Results: Increasing the aqueous phase volume results in an increase of EE and a decrease in loading capacity. PS also decreases to extent. Increasing the lipid concentration, EE increases and as well the PS. An increase in the concentration of the surfactant resulted in a decrease in PS and a slight increase in encapsulation efficiency and loading capacity. Conclusion: The positive impact on the response variables (PS, EE and DL capacity) of the formulation of IF NLC would be obtained only if the processing conditions could be followed.

Key words: Effects of variables, ifosfamide, nanostructured lipid carrier, oral delivery, processing conditions

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