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Original Article

pnr. 2013; 4(1): 60-65


In vitro pharmacological investigations of Biophytum sensitivum callus extract: Lack of potent activities

Sirigiri Chandrakala, Kokkanti Mallikarjuna, Challa Siva Reddy.

Abstract
Objective: Biophytum sensitivum is an important medicinal plant extensively used in traditional oriental herbal medicines. Though medicinal use of this plant is known, the active principles responsible such property is not known. Pharmacological screening of this plant may lead to discovery of new activity with new mode of treatment. Hence, screening for in-vitro pharmacological activities of methanolic callus extracts of Biophytum sensitivum has been carried out. Experiments were designed according to the standard methods and processes. Materials and Methods: Leaf cutting derived callus on MS medium supplemented with BA (Benzyl adenine) 1.0 mg/l + NAA (1-naphthaleneacetic acid) 1.0 mg/l is used as a source, and compounds were extracted from dried callus using methanol solvent with Soxhlet apparatus. Results: The callus extract has shown antioxidant activity, in-vitro inhibition of enzyme activities like α-glycosidase, acetyl cholesterase, and tyrosinase, but potency was found to be low. The Graph pad Prism Version-5 software is used to analyze data in the form of Figures. Conclusion: For the first time, we are reporting in-vitro pharmacological screening of methanolic callus extracts of Biophytum sensitivum.

Key words: Acetyl cholinesterase, anti-oxidant, Biophytum sensitivum callus extracts, Ttyrosinase, α-glucosidase






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