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The Correlation of PANSS Scores and P100 Latency in Patients with Schizophrenia and Migrene Hedache Using Visual Evoked Potentials (VEPS) According to Gender and Age

Gorana Sulejmanpasic, Amra Memic-Serdarevic, Selma Sabanagic-Hajric, Nermina Bajramagic.


Background: The VEPs provide an objective measure of brain function, analyzing integrity of visual processing. With patients affected with schizophrenia, the changes with the implementation of VEP are evident, such as symmetrical deceleration of the impulse and the continuance of latency, which points to a degenerative illness, suggesting the presence of optical neuritis or hemianopsia conjoined with mentioned intracranial illness. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the correlation of positive and negative symptoms (PANSS scores) and P100 latency between patients with schizophrenia and patients with migraine headache according to gender and age. Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) were applied. Methods: The sample included 80 subjects: a) S group- 40 patients with schizophrenia (21 males; 19 females); b) H group-40 healthy subjects with migraine headache (10 males; 30 females). The study was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry and Neurology University Clinical Center Sarajevo. Results: Our research revealed positive correlation of the P100 latency and the PANSS score of negative symptoms, which means that the subjects of the observed group with a higher latency of the P100 wave of the entire visual field in both eyes have higher PANSS scores of negative symptoms. The correlation is significantly higher in female subjects (37% shared variance) than in male subjects (12% shared variance). All male subjects have a PANSS negative symptoms score of 17 or higher, while all female subjects have a PANSS negative symptoms score of less than 17 positive correlations were registered in P100 latency in left view field of both eyes and in P100 amplitude in the region of right eye (p=0.01) in comparation with left eye region (p=0.05) in patients with schizophrenia. Conclusion: Results imply that the cognitive impairment seen in schizophrenia is not just due to deficits in higher order aspects of cognition but also encompasses significant deficits in early sensory processing. Our study is useful to initiate new questions and recommendations for further studies, specifically on changes in the occipital lobe in the schizophrenic patient’s brain.

Key words: schizophrenia, early visual dysfunction, visual evoked potentials (VEPs), PANSS.

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