Background: Use of cigarette is a great cause of preventable morbidity and mortality. The blood vessel system effects of cigarette smoke are mediated by nicotine (alkaloid). Alkaloid increases heart rate and the myocardial pump activity.
Aims and Objectives: This study aims to detect and compare autonomic function tests in male cigarette smoker and non-smoker healthy control subjects.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, Sawai Man Singh Medical (SMS) College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, on 30 male cigarette smokers between the age group of 20 and 40 years, selected among employees of SMS Medical College, Jaipur, from various departments along with 30 healthy age-matched non-smokers.
Results: Heart rate response to deep breathing (30:15 ratio), expiration/inspiration ratio, and Valsalva ratio were significantly decreased in smokers. Cigarette users have increase in systolic blood pressure (BP) and diastolic BP, but no significance difference was found in our study, BP response to standing shows decrease in systolic BP and sustained handgrip test (SHG) test response is also decrease in diastolic BP in cigarette users than the control healthy subjects.
Conclusion: Our study results can be concluded that cigarette smoking causes increase sympathetic and reduced parasympathetic activity when compared with control healthy subjects.
Autonomic Function Test; Smokers; Non-smokers; Diastolic Blood Pressure; Systolic Blood Pressure; Orthostatic Fall; Sustained Hand Grip Test
Use of Sonography in Hand/Upper-Extremity Surgery: Innovative Concepts and Techniques.
Schuind FA, Moungondo F, Van Overstraeten L
Hand clinics. 2022; 38(1): xiii-xiv
Percutaneous Sonographically Guided Release of Carpal Tunnel and Trigger Finger: Biomechanics, Clinical Results, Technical Developments.
Moungondo F, Feipel V
Hand clinics. 2022; 38(1): 91-100
Interrater agreement of contouring of the neurovascular bundles and internal pudendal arteries in neurovascular-sparing magnetic resonance-guided radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer.
Teunissen FR, Wortel RC, Wessels FJ, Claes A, van de Pol SMG, Rasing MJA, Meijer RP, van Melick HHE, de Boer JCJ, Verkooijen HM, van der Voort van Zyp JRN
Clinical and translational radiation oncology. 2022; 32(): 29-34
Application of atmospheric pressure glow discharge generated in contact with liquids for determination of chloride and bromide in water and juice samples by optical emission spectrometry.
Gorska M, Pohl P
Talanta. 2022; 237(): 122921
Sonography-Guided Peripheral Nerve Blocks for Hand Surgery.
Hand clinics. 2022; 38(1): 59-64