Veiled chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus) and panther chameleon (Furcifer pardalis) are two of the most popular pet chameleons, and consequently, these species are frequently evaluated in veterinary practices. According to our review of the literature normal computed tomography (CT) anatomy of these lizards has not been previously described.
The purposes of this prospective study were to describe the normal CT anatomy of the coelomic organs in healthy patients and to provide normal reference values in these species.
Seventeen clinically healthy veiled chameleons and fifteen clinically healthy panther chameleons were included. All CT studies were performed with the chameleons under light anaesthesia and positioned in sternal recumbency. Studies were performed with a 16-slice helical CT scanner with a slice thickness of 0.625 mm. The authors recorded qualitative and quantitative CT characteristics of the coelomic structures. Macroscopic cross-sectional anatomy was performed for comparison of the CT findings.
Lungs, liver -including caudal vena cava, hepatic vessels, and gallbladder-, oesophagus, stomach, intestines, gonads, fat bodies, kidneys, and urinary bladder could be visualized with CT. The spleen, pancreas, and adrenal glands could not be identified.
This study provides a guide of the normal cross-sectional and computed tomographic anatomy of the coelomic cavity in veiled and panther chameleons. Our results could be used as a reference for future research studies or for comparison of clinically ill patients.
Key words: Reptile, Lizard, Chameleon, Anatomy, Imaging