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Visual outcome of traumatic cataract at a tertiary eye care center

Uma Thakur, Manpreet Kaur Taluja, P A Siddique.

Abstract
Background: Traumatic cataracts account for a large proportion of visual disability and blindness in the general population, especially in developing countries. It is associated with various ocular injuries.

Aim and Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the visual outcome of patients with traumatic cataracts.

Material and methods: A prospective study was done in the Department of Ophthalmology in Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College, Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh). Materials and Methods: A total of 124 patients diagnosed as a case of traumatic cataract were subjected to a detailed history, systemic, and local examination with relevant investigations. Medical or surgical managements were done accordingly. Patients were subsequently followed up.

Results: About 53.22% of patients sustained penetrating trauma while 41.93% got the blunt injury and 4.83% perforating injury. Out of total, 79.03% of patients were males, while 20.96% were females. The most common cause of blunt trauma was wooden stick (53.84%), whereas iron wire (31.81% patients) was the most common cause of penetrating injury. About 25% of patients had corneal opacity as associated ocular morbidity. About 54.83% of patients adopted small-incision cataract surgery with posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) procedure for traumatic cataract surgery. About 39.51% of patients had attained final best-corrected visual acuity (VA) of 6/96/18, and 32.25% patients of 6/246/60, while 28.22% of patients had vision

Key words: Traumatic Cataract; Visual Outcome; Tertiary Care Unit



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