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Diagnosis of Canine Atopic Dermatitis in Pugs by Intradermal Test

B. K. Bhagya, C. Ansar Kamran, M. A. Kshama.

Present study was undertaken to identify the common aeroallergens associated with atopic dermatitis in Pugs. Total of 50 Pugs were selected for the study based on history, clinical signs and after fulfilment of criteria for the diagnosis of canine atopic dermatitis and were subjected to intradermal test. Pruritus was the outstanding clinical sign observed in all the cases followed by licking of paws (92%), rubbing of face (70%), otitis externa (40%), scratching of the ears (34%) and rubbing of eyes (20%). In the present study majority of the Pugs showed positive reactions to house dust mites, Dermatophagoides farinae (61.11%) and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (55.56%), followed by human dander (55.56%), cockroach (Periplanata americana) (41.67%), House Dust (27.78%) and Amaranthus spinosus (19.44%). In conclusion indoor allergens were associated with atopic dermatitis in pugs compared to outdoor allergens.

Key words: Intradermal test, canine atopic dermatitis

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