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Original Article

pnr. 2011; 2(2): 115-120

Ultra violet spectrophotometric method: Not possible for the simultaneous estimation of alpha one adrenoreceptor blockers

Alankar Shrivastava, Vipin Bihari Gupta.


Background: Although initially introduced for the management of hypertension, al-adrenergic-receptor antagonists (a 1 blockers) have become the standard of care for the medical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-related lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Alpha-blockers (alfuzosin, tamsulosin, doxazosin, prazosin, and terazosin) relax the smooth muscles in the prostate and are indicated for the symptomatic treatment of BPH, due to evidence of their positive and rapid effect on LUTS. Objective: Our objective was to develop and validate a method for simultaneous estimation of these drugs. Our aim was to develop a UV spectrophotometric method because of the simplicity and economical advantage of this technique. Materials and Methods: All these drugs were dissolved in the same solvent (methanol) and scanned under a ShimadzuUV spectrophotomer, under full UV (ultraviolet) range (200 - 400 nm). Result: After some experiments we found that this is impossible. This was evident from our study that UV spectra were overlapping each other, except in the case of tamsulosin. Conclusion: Same class of drugs may have almost the same functional groups, and gradient Reverse-Phase Liquid Chromatography(RPLC) will be more useful to separate such complicated mixtures. Therefore, we propose to develop a gradient High-Performance Liquid Chromatography(HPLC) method as it may be a more suitable method for the simultaneous estimation of these drugs.

Key words: Alfuzosin, alpha blockers, doxazosin, method development and validation, prazosin, tamsulosin, terazosin, UV spectrophotometry

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