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Original Article

pnr. 2011; 2(2): 73-77

Antacids incorporation in immediate release tablets failed to improve the stability of omeprazole in acidic media

HV Chavda, TM Chaudhary, CN Patel.


Background: The stability of omeprazole (OMZ) decreases in acidic medium. In this investigation, attempts have been made to develop oral tablet containing antacids/buffers to increase the pH of dissolution media for certain time. Materials and Methods: Tablet formulations were prepared by the direct compression technique. For the selection of superdisintegrant, Croscarmellose sodium, used initially was replaced with other superdisintegrants. The prepared tablets were evaluated for hardness, weight variation, thickness, friability, drug content, disintegration time and in vitro drug release studies. During the in vitro drug release studies, the pH of dissolution media was measured. Results and Discussion: All batches showed very short disintegration time, within 0.5-2 min except F1 and S5. Batch F7 was able to provide the immediate drug release. The study showed that the incorporation of antacid improved the pH of dissolution media, but failed to maintain it. Even though the high quantities of antacids were incorporated; the stability of drug in media was not improved. Other superdisintegrants did not show any significant changes in drug release or disintegration time. Bath F7 was stable for the period of 6 months at 40 o C / 75 %RH. Conclusions: Incorporation of higher quantities of antacids failed to retain the stability of OMZ in acidic media.

Key words: Antacids, immediate release tablets, omeprazole, superdisintegrant, superporous hydrogel particles

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