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Gross Morphometrical and Histomorphometrical Studies on Skin of Goat (Capra hircus)

U.P.Mainde, S. B. Banubakode, N. C. Nandeshwar, R. Y. Charjan.

Abstract
The present study was conducted on the skin samples of 220 goats of either sex, 20 samples each from different body regions namely dorsal neck, lateral neck, ventral neck, dorsal thorax, lateral thorax, ventral thorax, dorsal abdomen, lateral abdomen, ventral abdomen, lateral thigh and medial thigh to study the age wise biometrical and histomorphometrical changes in the skin. The animals were divided into to two groups, viz. six to twelve month of age (Gr I) and above one year age (Gr II). The skin samples of goats were collected from healthy animals irrespective of sex from Nagpur Muncipal Corporation Slaughter house immediately after natural death. It was found that the dermal papillae were less developed in ventral neck region in Gr I and Gr II. There was no significant difference in thickness of papillary layer between lateral thigh and medial thigh region in Gr I and Gr II. Thickness of reticular layer was maximum in dorsal neck region, while it was minimum in medial thigh region in Gr I and Gr II. Depth of primary hair follicle was maximum in dorsal neck region and minimum in medial thigh region in Gr I and Gr II. There was no significant difference in depth of primary hair follicle in medial thigh region between Gr I and Gr II. Diameter of primary hair follicle was maximum in dorsal neck region in Gr I and Gr II, while diameter of primary hair follicle was minimum in medial thigh region in Gr I and lateral thigh region in Gr II. Depth of sweat gland was maximum in dorsal neck region and minimum in medial thigh region in Gr I and Gr II. Significant increase in depth of sweat gland with advancement of age was noted in both the age groups. There was no significant difference in depth of sebaceous gland between ventral thorax, lateral thigh and medial thigh region in Gr I and Gr II. Depth of sebaceous gland was maximum in dorsal neck region and minimum in medial thigh region in Gr I and Gr II. The present study would form a baseline data on the biometry and histomorphometry of various parts of skin of goat which would be helpful in future research prospective.

Key words: Biometry, goat, histomorphometry, skin



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