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Evaluation of Chemical, Phyto Chemical and Methane Mitigation Potential of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) by Invitro Study

R. Balamurugan, L. Radhakrishnan, R. Karunakaran, P. Tensingh Gnanaraj, K. Vijayarani.

The nutritional composition, phytochemical and methane mitigation potential of turmeric rhizhomes was evaluated. Turmeric contained 14.34, 14.73, 5.42, 2.34, 9.52 and 53.65 per cent moisture, crude protein, crude fibre, ether extract, total ash and nitrogen free extract respectively. Qualitative assessment of Phytochemical screening of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, phenol, saponins, carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, phytosterols and terpenoids in water and methanol extract revealed presence of all the compounds except proteins and amino acids. The turmeric was also evaluated in 20mg, 40mg, 60mg, 80 mg, and 100mg dose level in in vitro rumen fermentation studies for its methane mitigation potential.. The highest methane mitigation potential (4.341.14) i.e. methane production per 100 mg truly digested substrate) was significant (P

Key words: Turmeric, Chemical composition, Phyto Chemical, In vitro and Methane

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