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Role of Metabolic Acidosis and Alteration in Blood Gas & Electrolyte Levels in Colibacillosis Affected Calves of Wayanad District, Kerala

Xavier Mathew Pallipparambil,Deepa Padinjare Melepat,Janus Abdul Khader Kunju,Biju Peer Habeeb.

Abstract
Colibacillosis is an economically important disease, causing neonatal diarrhoea in calves. The present study was carried out in the Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine. A total of thirty neonatal calves affected with diarrhoea were selected from Wayanad district based on the identification of clinical signs such as diarrhoea, pyrexia, severe dehydration, etc., Faecal sample culture in MacConkey’s agar and Faecal culture in EMB agar. To identify the level of metabolic acidosis bicarbonate level of venous blood was analyzed using Epoc® Blood Gas Electrolyte Analyzer. Significant increase in pCO2, lactate and creatinine were observed. significant reduction in pH, pO2, base excess (BE), Na+, K+, Glucose, Bicarbonate and chloride were significantly lower in test group comparing with the control group (p≤ 0.01). There was no significant difference between the test group and control group in Ca+ levels.

Key words: Colibacillosis, Diarrhoea, Calves, Metabolic, Acidosis, Culture, Statistics, T-test.



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