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Original Article

. 2017; 8(4): 108-111


Lifestyle Pattern and Hypertension Related Knowledge, Attitude and Practices among Diagnosed Patients of Hypertension Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital

Lipilekha Patnaik, Kalyan Kumar Paul, Sumitra Pattnaik, Trilochan Sahu.

Abstract
Context: Hypertension can be controlled by modifying lifestyle related risk factors and generating awareness about
these risk factors among hypertensive patients. Aim: To assess the life style pattern, knowledge, attitude and practices
related to hypertension among diagnosed patients of hypertension attending a tertiary care hospital. Materials and
methods: Across sectional hospital based study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital during May and June 2014.102
diagnosed patients of hypertension attending the Medicine out-patient department were included in the study by convenience
sampling. Apre-structured questionnaire was used and data related to demographic profile, history of hypertension,
knowledge, attitude and practices regarding hypertension etc. were collected. Data were analysed using Statistical
Package for the Social Sciences version 20. Results: Out of 102 participants, 55.9% were males and the mean age was
42.98 + 11.85. The mean systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure was 146.01 + 10.59 and 103.7 + 10.76
respectively. 50% of the patients led a sedentary life & only 13.7% were practicing fitness activities daily. 22.5% were
current smokers, 12.7% were passive smokers and 8.8% were currently taking alcohol. About 26.5% patients were not
concerned about their increased BP, 5.9% didnít know any of the risk factors of hypertension &7.8% were unaware of
the symptoms of hypertension. Logistic regression showed that occurrence of uncontrolled hypertension is reduced by
0.06 times in patients having satisfactory knowledge. Conclusion: Intervention in the form of lifestyle education during
hospital visits will be helpful to increase the awareness about modifiable risk factors, controlling blood pressure and
preventing complications among these patients.

Key words: Blood pressure, Body weight, Risk factors, Hypertension, Lifestyle.


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