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Original Article

. 2016; 7(3): 112-115

Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment and Control of Hypertension among the Elderly Residing in Rural Area of Haldwani Block, in Nainital District of Uttarakhand

Janki Bartwal, ChandraMohan Singh Rawat,Sadhana Awasthi.

Introduction: Raised blood pressure is a major cardiovascular risk factor. If left uncontrolled, hypertension causes stroke,
myocardial infarction, cardiac failure, dementia, renal failure and blindness, causing human suffering and imposing severe
financial and service burdens on health systems. The objective of the study is to find out the prevalence, awareness,
treatment and control of hypertension and also to know the factors influencing hypertension among elderly population.
Materials and Methods: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted in rural field practice area under the
department of Community Medicine in Haldwani block of district Nainital. The study was conducted from November
2013 to October 2014. Elderly, who had completed sixty years of age at the time of study, gave consent and volunteer to
participate, were included in the study. A pretested, semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect data from
440 elderly which was later entered into Microsoft excel and was analyzed using SPSS 16. Chi square test was used to
test the association and p

Key words: Hypertension, Elderly, Rural, Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, Control.

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American Journal of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology


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